Vaccine access and uptake

Policy Briefing

Published 20/04/2021

Vaccine access and uptake cover
This briefing note explores factors influencing the access and uptake of vaccines; the different approaches taken by public health authorities to promote vaccines; and the ethical considerations that arise in this context.
Girl getting vaccinated


  • Vaccine uptake can be a ‘default’ or a proactive decision, and can be influenced by a range of factors, including how people understand and weigh up benefits and risks; where they receive information and guidance about vaccines; personal beliefs or values; and practical considerations.
  • Public health authorities use different strategies to increase participation in vaccination programmes, including information or educational campaigns; and incentivised programmes or policies that make vaccination mandatory or a condition of access to institutions, services or employment.
  • Ethical considerations for public health authorities include promoting good health and reducing the burden of disease; balancing individual, community and wider public interests; fair and effective use of public resources; and international obligations and global health security.

Read the briefing note.

Project team


Ran Svenning Berg

Research and Policy Manager

Ranveig joined the NCOB in 2012 and leads the research and policy work in our Reproduction, Parenthood and Families priority area.

She has previously held communications and researcher roles at the NCOB, managing short projects on topics including surrogacy law reform, vaccine uptake and access, medical implants, experimental treatments, and AI in healthcare and research. Before that, Ranveig worked in communications for charities focussed on gun violence prevention and human rights.